An organic farm is an alternative farm for growing food and livestock production. The methods include crop rotation, compost, biological pest control and mechanical cultivation. Synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, engineered farming application, livestock feed additives, etc. are not used. It has created a successful form of farming globally. Organic food sales have continuously increased over years. Organic farms covers around 37,000,000 hectares of land worldwide, a good evidence of the growing alternative farming.
Creation of biological production is the reason for organic farming. It creates an enterprise that is sustainable and harmonious with the environment. Organic residues and nutrients from the farm are recycled to the soil. These dead matter nourishes the soil. Farms for organic production should be kept natural for at least three years before using them.
Pesticides, synthetic fertilizers and insecticides should be avoided be organic farmers. Success of an organic farm is dictated by its proper management. This entails developing feasible strategies.
Despite the difficulties of organic production of fruits and flowers, many organic plants can still be produced. Organic farming is also possible in animal production.
Animals are fed with feeds that are organic only while chemicals like growth hormones and insecticides are avoided. Produce from natural farms has to be certified.
There are several pros of using an organic farm for production. Chemical-free farming can easily be done. There is less output which allows maximization of profits. Using compost, crop rotation and biological pest control improves the fertility of the soil. Foods from organic farms are free of poisons and are enriched with mineral content. They are hence safe and healthy.
No pollution is associated with the practice of organic farming. Oragnic farming provides the farmer food self-sufficiency.
Maintaining organic farms however, requires understanding of the resources and applying the right management approaches. Food from organic farms are expensive because of a lot of manual work required than conventional farming. Organic produce approval are expensive.
High labor required is a disadvantage to production on organic farms. To obtain the desired level of production in organic farming, one has to have the required skills and knowledge.
Organic farming can be very challenging at the beginning for farmers. This is caused by the period requiring the farmer to manage the farm by organic practices before certification of the produce. Transition period can cause farmers to practice organic farming in stages which leads to poor quality production.
There is need to know the requirements of the importing country through international agreements before exporting organic foods.
organic farms provides a better form of production. Farmers should practice organic farming more and develop ways of eliminating difficulties being faced. This involves determining the cause of the problem and finding solutions to avoid or reduce it.
There is need to continue embracing organic farms by teaching and encouraging farmers.